More than being a business or occupation, agriculture has been a lifestyle. With increasing demands and decreasing productivity, the traditional methods have paved way for technology-based methods. Since farming mostly involves large-scale cultivation, time-intensive and laborious techniques and non-predictive yields, farmers have started to seek methods to match the production with the demand and turning unpredictability into profit. Agriculture with manpower alone cannot bring about this reform and therefore farmers are incorporating machinery in farming to extract business out of their occupation.
Beginning with tractor
Tractors form a regular part of the farming picture, and technology here is the improvement in the efficiency and working of this initial giant farming machinery, starting from transporting people, equipment, and raw materials to harvesting. Tractors are available according to the nature of farming, capacity, utility and to be run on road or fields.
Spraying pesticides manually throughout the vast fields spread over hectares is a herculean and critical task, for by the time farmers cover the entire field, a part or whole of the crops might have got infested with pests. The same is the case with fertilizers where the timing of applying them determines their effectiveness and can end up on the losing side for short rotation crops. Different types of spraying equipment from the low-pressure sprayer and high-clearance sprayer to aerial spraying are available to tackle this menace. Reaping mature grains has become easier with the simple comb cutters.
Machinery with brain
Irrigation systems are now diverse such as machines capable of pumping calculated amount of water and if these are not enough, machinery based on artificial intelligence and remote monitoring have made farming high tech and truly revolutionized. Near to accurate and reliable weather predictions and climate monitoring systems are available which alert the farmers through advanced mobile apps.
Floating buoys give the water parameters to assess the quality of water sources for aquaculture. Satellite systems dedicated to agriculture show how mechanistic and sophisticated farming has become. Large fields expanding over hundreds of hectares are no longer that big to take weeks to reap the gold now.